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The Color Maroon

by New Clear Vision Editor
New Clear
April 29th, 2013

Lessons on Life, Liberation from Imprisoned Activist Russell Shoatz

Russell Maroon Shoatz is a former leader of the Black Panthers and the Black freedom movement, born in Philadelphia in 1943 and originally imprisoned in January 1972 for actions relating to his political involvement. With an extraordinary thirty-plus years spent in solitary confinement — including the past twenty-three years continuously — Maroon’s case is one of the most shocking examples of U.S. torture of political prisoners, and one of the most egregious examples of human rights violations regarding prison conditions anywhere in the world. His “Maroon” nickname is, in part, due to his continued resistance — which twice led him to escape confinement; it is also based on his continued political analysis, including recent writings on ecology and matriarchy that are found in his recently published book: Maroon the Implacable: The Collected Writings of Russell Maroon Shoatz.

This interview was conducted via correspondence by Lisa Guenther, Associate Professor of Philosophy at Vanderbilt University.

Lisa Guenther: What does “maroon” mean to you?

Maroon Shoatz: Historically a maroon was a fugitive slave of the 16th, 17th, or 18th centuries Americas — and even on the west coast of Africa, where most enslaved Africans were shipped from.

In Latin America they were generally referred to as cimarrones in the Spanish speaking colonies, marrons in the French colonies, the Dutch word for Bush Negroes in their colonies, and in the British colonies of the Caribbean and the southern areas of what would become the USA, either outliers or maroons. Yet maroon is an accepted generic name for all of these fugitives.

The word is sometimes capitalized when it’s used to identify an ethnically adopted designation: like the Jamaican Maroons, or the Boni Maroons.

Usually it’s assumed that all maroons were of African origin. In fact, for centuries all over the Americas there were many, many maroons of both European and indigenous/Amerindian origin.

Maroons differed from the runaway slaves who tried to blend-in or fully integrate themselves within the otherwise “free” societies. And that’s where the true distinction lies between maroons and the other fugitives! Whether the maroons term their communities quilombos, ladeiras, palenques, cumbes, Nanny Town, Trelawny Town, or one of the scores of other designations we know of, they all were clear on the fact that direct integration into the surrounding oppressive settler colonial communities was something they did not desire.

One could argue that their fugitive status militated towards making that choice. Yet the historical record clearly shows that for centuries thousands of runaway slaves and indentured servants successfully integrated themselves within the free communities. Among those of European origin, untold numbers blended-in to join the periodic expeditions that were mounted to explore, exploit the riches of, conquer or settle vast areas that had previously only been inhabited by Amerindians.

Among the Amerindian runaways, they most often could find refuge and protection among kindred or other sympathetic Amerindian ethnic groups.

Those fugitives of African origin could at times find “free black” communities — who themselves were in league with sympathetic anti-slavery abolitionists — who would offer them a certain amount of refuge and protection.

And it’s known that these things were generally known and understood by the maroon communities in their regions. And by definition a rejection of these attempts to integrate oneself within the mainstream of either of these free communities — while establishing one’s own maroon communities — meant that such maroon efforts accepted the idea that their former owners would aggressively seek to return them to enslavement, or kill them if that failed. This was primarily because all maroon communities represented a direct threat to the idea and practices of slave and indentured labor, in other words, a threat to the engine that made the colonies in the Americas exploitable and fantastically profitable for the ruling elites.
Thus, in essence, all maroon communities — men, wimmin and children — were communities at war with their former masters. We know this to be true because for centuries various settler colonial regimes sought to violently stamp out numerous maroon communities all over the Americas. Even going so far as to sign peace treaties — which came with autonomy and land grants and material subsidies — in return for these maroon communities’ promises to reject any further acceptance of new fugitives into their ranks, as well as their aiding the slavers in capturing the latter (a stipulation that was not always followed through on).

More convincingly, till our times, the direct descendants of some of these maroon societies in South America (Surinam), the Caribbean (Jamaica) and the USA (among the Negro Seminoles of Texas and along the Mexican border, and in Oklahoma; and the Amerindian Seminoles in Florida) still stubbornly cling to the remnants of their ancestral ways and speech.

So it must be recognized that — in spirit — a maroon was one who not only rejected oppression, but went further to help establish an alternative, even though such an effort could be avoided by simply removing themselves from the direct effects of that oppression. While at the same time being fully conscious that seeking to establish such an alternative will mean being attacked by those who benefit from the rejected oppressive arrangements.

Lisa Guenther: How can we learn from the history of maroon communities to “escape” from the prison industrial complex? This must be a different process for prisoners, for their families, and for others who have no personal connection to prisons. I’m interested in sketching out a kind of “escape manual” for those who want to build on this tradition of resistance.

Maroon Shoatz: The Prison Industrial Complex (PIC) is a modern day form of slavery! Michelle Alexander says it’s a part of “the New Jim Crow,” and she’s correct in saying that. Yet we must recall that the original Jim Crow itself was simply a way to continue to derive the benefits from the exploitation of a segment of society that chattel slavery earlier provided. Similarly, the PIC serves to benefit segments of today’s society at the expense of others. It’s held up by those who derive these benefits as a necessary social mechanism to control the criminal elements in society: so much of the “tough on crime” posturing can be found here.

When one gets past that scare tactic and simply follows the money trail, it’s easily recognized as the giant con game that it is. A tool that helps the economic and social elites — the “one percent” (if you will) — to use the PIC to serve as a lid to keep the most volatile economic and social elements from boiling over, in reaction to the dysfunctional and exploitative policies the one percent have set in motion and oversee. At the same time, using the police power associated with this drive to construct a — not so subtle — terroristic police state in order to also keep in check the other “ninety nine percent” who do not find themselves to be direct victims of the PIC, but are, nevertheless, indirectly terrorized into feeling they too must accept the economic, political and social policies put forth by the one percenter’s advocates. If not, they too will fall victim to the terrifying specter of themselves becoming prey to the paramilitary police and spy agencies; the unaffordable legal system and the dreaded jail/prison archipelago that they’ve all seen on reality TV shows, and which are fodder for pop culture comedians.

The ninety nine percent are living in a fool’s paradise. One that cons them into subsidizing their own oppression by allowing the one percent to yearly spend billions upon billions of their tax dollars to support this police state and its PIC. Most will object to my terming the USA a police state for one simple reason: They periodically get a chance to vote for whichever politician the one percent’s massive outlay of money propels to the front of the — otherwise — easily recognized millionaires voting club… The give-away is that whoever is voted into office, the one percenter’s interests are always given preference over the ninety nine percenter’s.

Still, there is hope of using the “maroon spirit” to help us find our way forward. Even so, as Michelle Alexander points out in her “New Jim Crow” book, such an effort demands a collective type of energy and creativity in order to form a movement that is capable of getting the job done. And any process to accomplish this must be launched, refined, protected and sustained simultaneously among the prisoners within the PIC, the parolees and probationers, their collective families and loved ones, and by other members of the ninety nine percent who are not personally (bodily) connected to the PIC and its supporting police, spy, and court arms. An effort consciously directed towards building on the maroon tradition of resistance to oppression and exploitation.

Ironically, the segment of the population that presently has the most potential to effect change in the PIC is those who usually have no direct — bodily — connection to this system. That is the taxpayers among the ninety nine percent. Without their massive yearly outlays of billions in taxes (taxes they’ve been bamboozled into believing serve a good purpose, but instead serve [to] keep active a police state machine) the whole house of cards would collapse!

These taxpayers have allowed themselves to be painted into a corner — as already pointed out — and must be broadly encouraged to join an effort to construct a national campaign to vote out of office any and all politicians who will not pledge to help us abolish the PIC and its supporting police state terror arms, while simultaneously using their tax dollars to prepare the millions of prisoners, parolees, probationers, prison staffs, police/spy and court arms for new lives.

Such an effort will help educate these taxpayers to the extortion con game that the “tough on crime” political hucksters have been playing on them, as well as help reign-in the out-of-control police/spy state apparatus, which will allow this taxpaying public to feel less terrorized in order to more aggressively pursue all of the other pressing problems the one percenter’s policies have allowed to collect in their living rooms.

Among the prisoners, parolees and probationers — at the same time — they must spearhead a campaign to educate their peers to the fact that their pursuit of the gangsta lifestyle and its petty crimes must be abandoned, for the simple reason that they’re being played for fools; when they kill and are killed to make money and gain status, only to lose the money, their freedom and all too often their families as well — while going in and out of the PIC.
Their only hope rests with organizing themselves and using their time and creativity to develop intelligent ways to get the taxpaying citizens to recognize that they must demand that their tax dollars be used to prepare them to fully join their communities as productive individuals — in a win-win situation for both groups.

The families and loved ones of prisoners, parolees and probationers are dying to become a part of such an effort, as already laid out. Moreover, the adult members of these families are themselves voters and taxpayers. As such they will form the nucleus to lend a backbone to a nationwide effort to get other taxpaying voters to force the politicians to pledge to work on abolishing the PIC, while initially channeling their tax dollars into programs designed to really prepare prisoners, parolees, probationers, prison staffs, police/spy and courthouse workers for their new lives.

Here the academic community must be brought into this undertaking. We must get them to see that it’s also in their interest — as taxpayers and voters — to forcefully interject themselves into such a movement because — nationwide — colleges and universities are progressively being sidelined and hollowed-out in favor of the neoliberal education for profit model; one that most administrators will be forced to pursue, because they are being starved of tax dollars that presently are being shoveled into the PIC.

Where else will the prisoners, parolees, probationers, prison staffs, police/spy and court workers find individuals who are able to perform such a Herculean task?

Further, it’s abundantly rational to fight for such a initiative, seeing how the material aspects are already in place: The archipelago of jails and prisons can serve as learning quarters. There are millions of people who need to be prepared for new productive lives — or remain negative tax burdens. Tens of thousands of unemployed or underemployed college and university graduates. And, finally, it all can be accomplished by intelligently using the billions of tax dollars that today are being wasted on prisons, jails, parole, probation, police/spy and court activities that only serve to terrorize and keep in check the ninety nine percent.

All that’s missing is the clarity that such an effort is needed, and the political will to struggle to build such a movement. The same way that the historical maroons set theirs sights on being free from chattel slavery, then developing the will to run away and struggling to stay free.
Lisa Guenther: One of the things I love about your work is that it reveals another history of the Americas underneath the story of “discovery” and colonization. This is a history of struggle and resistance, which is as old — if not older — than colonial domination. What can we learn about political resistance from our own history, read “against the grain” in this way?

Maroon Shoatz:
 One cannot fully appreciate the history of the maroons without first taking the time to read about them. Even then one cannot gain this knowledge by reading a single book on them. For myself, I began to seriously study them after escaping from a Pennsylvania prison and living in the surrounding mountains and forest in 1977. After a month I slipped-up and was captured and returned to prison. It was at that time I was given the nickname Maroon by an older prisoner who had studied maroon history. Up until that point all i knew was that the “maroons were escaped slaves in Jamaica….” Nothing more.

Nowadays I can say that I’ve read many books about the maroons, even though it took a bit of an effort to locate the material, since I had no access to the internet and was in prisons that restricted the books that i could get. Yet I’m still learning more about them as enterprising scholars and researchers are making that history available.

Jane Landers, a professor at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee recently provided me some fascinating original research and publications surrounding the maroons she’s contributed. Further supporting what I’ve long ago discovered: The various maroon communities and a number of Amerindian communities stand alone as the only peoples who’ve withstood the crushing and absorbing effects of the colonial, “manifest destiny” imperialist and genocidal movements that have overwhelmed most of the rest of the Western hemisphere.

Though considered “backwards” by most people, it’s becoming clearer everyday that such elements — like the maroons and Amerindians spoken of — people who’ve learned to live alongside of the environment without destroying it, show the rest of our civilization as those ‘who are backwards’! Moreover, the remnants of these Amerindian and maroon communities steadfastly resist efforts by outsiders to co-opt or submerge their communities within the complexities of the modern state.

Even though the jury is still out on their choices in that matter, it’s also becoming crystal clear that the huge and complex undertakings like the old Soviet Union, the European Union, the USA and China and India are in for some truly rough sailing, as their ruling elites lose more and more of their ability to use the state to exploit and oppress/repress. This level of resistance was almost impossible to accomplish prior to modern technological wizardry, which is serving to demystify the “why’s” and “how’s” of what being done to the global ninety nine percent by this elite minority.

Indeed, I believe there are things that can be learned by studying how the maroons and certain Amerindian societies have been able to navigate their way forward until now. That knowledge and wisdom is sorely needed because we’ve allowed the global ruling elites to place us on a runaway train, that if not arrested, will present a clear existential threat to our existence!

Lisa Guenther: What’s the relationship, in your view, between anarchism and the decentralized structure of maroon communities?

Maroon Shoatz: The historical maroons, as well as the anarchists, have many things in common. Both also have many variations that have to be studied in order to prevent any errors in addressing this question. Nonetheless, they all share a deep-seated rejection of oppression/repression emanating from any state structure.

That said, the maroons differed from most anarchists — at least during their classical “fighting maroon” stage — because unlike most anarchists, they lived their ideal of rejection. Most anarchists, on the other hand, aspire to protect that ideal — short of what’s needed to realize it on a higher level.

Of course much of that has to do with the extreme level of oppression/repression the maroons had to confront. That’s usually missing in the case of the anarchists. The notable exceptions being the anarchists involved with struggles during the period of czarist/revolutionary Russia and during the Spanish Revolution and Civil War of the 1930s. There one cannot distinguish any difference between those anarchists and the earlier fighting maroons.

Those instances also highlight another striking difference between the two camps — other than during the Russian Revolution and with Spain during its own struggles — and that is the premium the fighting maroons placed on always developing and maintaining a high level of organization! Forms of organization that were usually highly decentralized, creative and organically connected to those it served. Yet one that was sophisticated enough to be able to coordinate various decentralized formations in order to give the coordinated collective a critical mass when needed. Sorta like a swarm of bees.

Usually anarchists have not been confronted with the level of threat that the fighting maroons always had to live with, and that has hindered them in developing a need or desire to organize on such a high level.

Lisa Guenther: In “Black Maroons in War and Peace,” you write about the difficult relationship between maroons and slaves, and the many examples of betrayal and complicity, where slaves were used as pawns by both the colonizers and the maroons. What can we learn from these struggles about the possibilities for solidarity and community-building today?

Maroon Shoatz: I’ve read a lot in this area but am hard pressed to recall any instances of fighting maroons betraying other slaves. In fact, take Suriname; there they even had a “Code of the Forest” that strictly militated against such betrayals. And in the fighting maroon formations in Jamaica, Mexico, Haiti and the United States (southern colonial areas) we see the same practices. Such betrayals were not in their interests, seeing as how solidarity with all slaves generally served to increase their numbers and ability to avoid capture and death.
That’s not to say that the fighting maroons always got along with each other. They didn’t. But that was usually settled by agreeing to go their separate ways.

The treaty maroons were the parties that indulged in such betrayals! Such treachery was the fruit that their cooptation by their former enslavers yielded. The European imperial and colonial enslavers discovered after generations of all but useless wars designed to capture or kill maroons that the most sophisticated fighting maroons could not be overcome by warfare. They therefore settled on a broad strategy of cooptation, a more subtle way to both neutralize the fighting the maroons and turn them into another auxiliary to help their other forces hunt, capture and kill new runaways.

In Mexico the Spanish slavers successfully implemented the cooptation of the famed and feared Yanga and his followers among the fighting maroons; and even today “Yanga the African rebel slave” is lauded in Southern Mexico.

In both Jamaica and Suriname the British and Dutch slavers (respectively) also came to adopt the same methods and had success doing that. In each case the cooptation of the most sophisticated and powerful fighting maroons worked to the detriment of those still fighting maroons and the new runaways as well.

One lesson we can draw from that is a need to be more vigilant in our efforts to both identify and struggle against cooptation. And we know from the maroons’ experiences as well as more contemporary experiences brought about by struggles within the global anti-colonial struggles, the US Civil Rights Movement and the Women’s Liberation Movement of the 1970s (in particular), that those in power will resort to cooptation against strong movements they cannot defeat otherwise. One rule of thumb is we must continue to struggle as long as the most adversely affected have not been relieved of the causes of oppression and repression they suffer under.

Lisa Guenther:
 In The Wretched of the Earth, Fanon writes: “The party must be decentralized to the limit. This is the only way to revive regions that are dead, the regions that have not yet woken up” (128). This made me think of your hydra model. What is the influence of Fanon on your thought and practice?

Maroon Shoatz: Franz Fanon had for decades been one of my guiding lights. His writings that highlight both his “revolutionary” theories and practice still hold much truth. Yet I’ve come to learn that Fanon also was in need of a worldview that was not shaped by the patriarchal fixation on a malignant ego-based form of violence, a type of violence that he conflated with the otherwise necessary defensive revolutionary violence that the best of his theories and practice uphold.

This is a shortcoming that I outline in an essay in the upcoming anthology of my writings. The essay entitled “The Question of Violence”, and a subsection labeled ‘Towards a Matriarchal Prefigurative Praxis in Controlling Male Violence’, contain my thesis that separates ego-based violence from defensive revolutionary violence, and how and why Fanon and others have conflated the two. As well as my theory about how to arrest that shortcoming.

Lisa Guenther: The connection between prisons and capitalism is clear. But can you spell out the connection between prisons, capitalism, and environmental issues such as food security, climate change, respect for animals, and so forth?

Maroon Shoatz: As was pointed out in answer to question #2, the ruling one percent has constructed a police state — with prisons at its core. Thus it follows that without that and the threat of the paramilitary police/spy networks, backed up by a awesome array of weapons, military vehicles, helicopters, drones, reality police and jail TV shows — which daily sow terror in the minds of the ninety nine percent — the bulk of the citizenry would more seriously question all of those things. But they fear that if they go beyond voting (where that is allowed), or peacefully demonstrating (where that is allowed), they could easily wind up in a prison hellhole or be gunned down in the streets!

In the USA a huge segment of the ninety nine percent own firearms — allegedly for hunting or to simply exercise their rights to do that. In reality, so many millions owning these weapons is itself a testament to the fear felt by them; a fear that they cannot rationally understand is grounded in their inability to understand the complexities of a society that otherwise point to the bankruptcy of the one percent’s accumulation mania, and the ninety nine percent’s inability to stay afloat in this game. Thus the owning of weapons is a way to achieve a small amount of psychosocial relief from the everyday fears and terrors that torment them.

Periodically one of these tormented individuals will snap under the strain and shoot and kill another one of the ninety nine percent over a minor dispute, or more dramatically, shoot and kill as many as possible — before the feared paramilitary police SWAT team shows up…
The global ninety nine percent would also act in a similar fashion — being subjected to similar pressures — but mostly weapons are not as available; unless you are willing to be cannon fodder in some drug or resource warlord’s army…

Lisa Guenther: You write about matriarchy, and suggest that it is a better word than “feminism” to describe your own approach, which you share with Fred Ho and Stan Goff. Could you explain what matriarchy means to you? I must admit, the word makes me uneasy for a number of reasons. For example, it is possible to admire and even worship mothers without actually granting them social or political power. Mothers are often romanticized as wonderfully caring, responsible, even self-sacrificing people — which creates an impossible standard for most women to live up to. And not every woman wants to become a mother; feminists have worked hard to distinguish between being a woman and having to be a mother, so it seems like we risk backsliding if we suddenly replace feminism with matriarchy. But at the same time, much of the history of feminism has been dominated by white, middle-class straight women who still have a lot to learn about the many different ways of being a woman, being powerful, and working with others in solidarity. For these reasons and more, I prefer to focus on the promise of “global feminisms” rather than matriarchy. But I’m interested to hear more about why this term appeals to you.

Maroon Shoatz: My outlook on this is a work-in-progress. For most of my life I was a male supremacist, faithfully following the patriarchal paradigm that permeated all areas of my life, even after becoming what i thought was a “revolutionary”, someone struggling to achieve an egalitarian social order.

Then about eight years ago I was introduced to radical feminist writings by another former male supremacist. And since that time radical feminist ideas and practice have turned my worldview upside-down! Nowadays I too consider myself a radical feminist, but one who believes our worldview and practices are better served by drawing a line in the sand by opposing everything that patriarchy champions! In the words of Fred Ho, “the goal is not gender equality, but the abolition of gender as a social differential completely, and the restoration of Mother Right: procreation and nurturance of humans and Nature, not ownership and domination of people and the earth for private property”.

The use of the much misunderstood and maligned word matriarchy is a way to present that revolutionary challenge to the age-old ruling patriarchal order. A clear line in the sand!
The word feminism is also maligned, misunderstood and attacked, but I believe — in the long run — it would serve us to do the hard work of returning to the source of the birth of both words (matriarchy and patriarchy) in order to better grasp the essence and ramifications surrounding the need to do battle on this front. Something we’re much less likely to do by shying away from a word (matriarchy) that has a lineage and pedigree that cannot be fully or properly understood without such an intense struggle.

My use of the word matriarchy is no attempt to either directly or indirectly romanticize mothers, set any “impossible standards for most women to live up to”, or demand that all wimmin become mothers. All of which are patriarchal ideas, which a struggle over these words will make clear. Ideals that were introduced in order to help defeat the then-prevailing matriarchal order, during what Frederick Engels wrote was the era of “the overthrow of mother right [which] was the world-historic defeat of the female sex” in his neglected and little-studied The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State. A work that has stood the test of time.

Though a work-in-progress, like all “new believers” I too am zealous about confronting, struggling with and ultimately helping to defeat the patriarchal worldview, which I’ve termed “the father of oppression”.

So I ask you to bear with me as you weigh and examine my positions.

Lisa Guenther: 
How have you managed to stay sane and clear-headed after 21 consecutive years of solitary confinement?

Maroon Shoatz: Perhaps my ego will not allow me to be destroyed by this experience (smile). In the sense that my captors can kill my body, but as long as I breathe air they’ll never kill what all I’ve learned about the nature of oppression and repression and why I must stand against both.

Lisa Guenther: In “Liberation or Gangsterism,” you explain how the black radical resistance of the 1960s and 70s gave way, under the pressure of police oppression and programs like COINTELPRO, to gang violence in which young black men fight each other for power and money, rather than joining together in resistance to the system that oppresses them. What do you think of the growing movement within prisons to put aside racial differences and gang affiliations in order to increase pressure on prison administrators through hunger strikes (as in California) and labor strikes (as in Georgia)? Are we witnessing a rebirth of radical political resistance within prison? How might this affect possibilities for addressing street violence within communities, and creating alternatives to police surveillance through policies such as Stop and Frisk?

Maroon Shoats: I’m thrilled to know that the actions of the prisoners in Georgia, California and elsewhere have been taking steps to end the monstrous conditions they face. For them to be able to overcome the decades of bloody prison staff provoked and sanctioned violence between the various ethnic, racial and regional affiliations is truly historic, and points to the potential to move forward.

That said, I fear that the prisoners’ overseers will take steps to derail this growing movement by reducing the potential for the prisoners to continue providing much needed direction on their end. The way the prison staffs usually do that is by separating and transferring the most sophisticated thinkers amongst the prisoners to other prisons, while allowing most of the prisoners a measure of relief from their present harsh conditions. While at the same time replacing them with a new, younger, less savvy group of prisoners. While not initially making the mistake of treating the new prisoners so bad until they too will be forced to come to grips with the primary contradiction, which is: the PIC and the prisoners “gangsta culture” are two sides of the same coin; a giant con game that ultimately serves the one percent’s accumulation pursuits, as I’ve already pointed out.

Consequently, we must return to question #2 [above] and my comments. My view is that the “manual” you would like to produce is something that would be very valuable in helping prevent the prison staffs in places like Georgia and California (and elsewhere) from continuing to use the PIC as a tool of repression. Your use of the word “escape” in such a manual, however, will certainly guarantee that it will not reach most prisoners! Think along the lines of producing something free of inflammatory anti-PIC catchwords, but still drives home the organizing points i suggested in my answer to question #2. Though you first must make direct contact with a savvy prisoner or two in each state’s isolation units in order to solicit their advice on how to fine-tune your message to their area, and for advice on the best way to circulate such a manual in their area and region.

More importantly, such a manual must be small, free, and mass produced! Seeing how they will have to flood the prisons in order to assure enough of them reach their destinations.
Such an effort will benefit prisoners throughout the USA, but the prisoners in isolation in California and Georgia should have priority because they are the most advanced in their broad based organizing and resistance at the present time.

Things have the potential to develop into “a rebirth of radical political resistance within the prisons.” Also, the “possibilities for addressing street violence within communities…,” etc.
My view, however, is that the main problem here is not the resistance that will come from the prison staffs and their supporting police/spy/court arms but from our own continued failure to adopt to a worldview and practices that are capable of fully unleashing the wimmin and girl half of the ninety nine percenters, that the bulk of even the most committed and advanced males on our side don’t realize they’re holding back. Primarily because these males are still wedded to the patriarchal worldview, which leads to patriarchal thinking, planning, actions and results. All of which — sooner or later — will (again) alienate the wimmin and girl half of the ninety nine percent, who will not benefit from such an arrangement, except for a minority of coopted individuals.

In order to overcome that problem, along with everything else we must do to immediately better combat the PIC, we must also introduce the male prisoners and the males in the streets to our radical feminist/matriarchal views, literature and ideas — along with also introducing all of that to the wimmin and girls they’re associated with… in case the latter is not familiar with the same.

There is no other way I can imagine we can fully tap into the necessary creativity and energy needed to tackle this problem.

For more information, visit the Free Russell Maroon Shoatz website, and consult the new anthology: Maroon the Implacable: The Collected Writings of Russell Maroon Shoatz.

Buy Maroon the Implacable now | Buy e-Book now | Return to Matt Meyer's Author Page now

Why Russell ‘Maroon’ Shoatz Must Be Released From Solitary Confinement --An interview with Theresa Shoatz and Matt Meyer

Angola 3 News
April 22nd, 2013

Take action by telling Secretary Wetzel that you want Russell 'Maroon' Shoatz to be immediately removed from solitary confinement!

This month, a 30-day action campaign was launched demanding the release of Russell ‘Maroon’ Shoatz from solitary confinement, where he has been held for over 23 consecutive years, and 28 of the last 30 years, in Pennsylvania prisons. On April 8, when the campaign began, Maroon’s legal team sent a letter to the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections (PA DOC), demanding his release from solitary confinement and promising litigation against the PA DOC if he is not transferred to general population by May 8.

The action campaign describes Maroon as “a former leader of the Black Panthers and the Black freedom movement, born in Philadelphia in 1943 and originally imprisoned in January 1972 for actions relating to his political involvement. With an extraordinary thirty-plus years spent in solitary confinement…Maroon’s case is one of the most shocking examples of U.S. torture of political prisoners, and one of the most egregious examples of human rights violations regarding prison conditions anywhere in the world. His ‘Maroon’ nickname is, in part, due to his continued resistance—which twice led him to escape confinement; it is also based on his continued clear analysis, including recent writings on ecology and matriarchy.”

Writing that Maroon “has not had a serious rule violation for more than two decades,” the campaign argues that he has actually been “targeted because of his work as an educator and because of his political ideas; his time in solitary began just after he was elected president of an officially-sanctioned prison-based support group. This targeting is in violation of his basic human and constitutional rights.”

On March 28, just before the campaign was launched, Maroon was transferred from SCI-Greene to SCI-Mahanoy  An update released by the campaign on April 15 reported that Maroon had been told by officials at SCI-Mahanoy that he had been transferred there with intent to move him into general population. Responding to the news, campaign co-coordinator Matt Meyer (also interviewed below) said: “We are encouraged by the words of the officials at Mahanoy, but we cannot rest until those words are followed by deeds: by the ultimate action which will end the current torture of Maroon.” Bret Grote, from the Pittsburgh Human Rights Coalition, who is himself a longtime legal and political supporter of Shoatz, added that, “while we are pleased that some of the concerns raised by the demand letter have been met,” including Maroon’s “access to his anti-embolism stockings and to a typewriter, we remain concerned that the timeline for release from solitary has been left vague.”

The April 15 update also reports that “the assistants at the office of PA DOC Secretary John Wetzel have confirmed that the Secretary personally ordered Maroon’s recent transfer from SCI Greene to SCI Mahanoy for the purpose of placing him in the general prison population. In conversations with some of the many people who have called in to the DOC central office on the first week of the 30-day pressure campaign, DOC personnel have suggested that Maroon supporters be patient as the process to get him into general population work its course. But Maroon and his family have been misled in the past about these issues.” While the campaign began by asking supporters to contact both Secretary Wetzel and SCI Mahanoy Supt. John Kerestes, it is now asking supporters to just focus on Secretary Wetzel, since he is the “ultimate decision-maker.”

This month also marked the release of the new book, entitled Maroon the Implacable: The Collected Writings of Russell Maroon Shoatz (PM Press), co-edited by Fred Ho and Quincy Saul, with a foreword by Chuck D. The collected essays examine a wide range of topics that are perhaps most striking for their honest self-criticism and for his commitment to confronting male supremacy and misogyny in all its forms. For example, in one essay entitled, “The Question of Violence,” after Maroon criticizes “the worldwide misogynist ‘gangsta’ genre of the hip hop culture” for being “a male, macho parody of exhibitionist violence,” Maroon writes:

“More troubling is the fact that this male exhibitionist violence has also permeated the minds, practices, and circles of otherwise brilliant and well-meaning revolutionary thinkers. Such theorists as the renowned Frantz Fanon, icons like Malcolm X and Kwane Ture (formerly Stokely Carmichael) and others have unconsciously conflated the necessary utilization of defensive revolutionary violence, in seeking meaningful revolutionary socioeconomic and cultural change, with what they believed was a need for males to use ‘revolutionary violence’ to also ‘liberate their minds and spirits’ from the subservience imposed on them by the vestiges of slavery and the colonialism /neocolonialism of their times. These individuals failed to recognize that their ‘revolutionary’ worldview would still leave in place the entire male-supremacist /patriarchal framework, an edifice that we can term the ‘father of oppression.’ The destruction of this edifice will signal the true liberation they sought. Otherwise, the ‘revolutionary violence’ they formulated must also be recognized for what it is: exhibitionist, ego-based male violence.”

Featured below is our interview with Theresa Shoatz and Matt Meyer. Theresa Shoatz is the daughter of Russell ‘Maroon’ Shoatz. Theresa has worked for decades as a public advocate for her father and through the Human Rights Coalition, she fights for all prisoners in Pennsylvania and beyond. This month, Theresa has been traveling around the US as part of a book tour promoting Maroon the Implacable, and this week she is in the SF Bay Area.

Matt Meyer, a native New York City-based educator, activist, and author, is the War Resisters International Africa Support Network Coordinator, and a United Nations/ECOSOC representative of the International Peace Research Association. Now the co-coordinator of the Campaign to Free Russell Maroon Shoatz, Meyer also has a long history in solidarity with the people of Puerto Rico. In 2009, Meyer edited Let Freedom Ring: A Collection of Documents from the Movements to Free U.S. Political Prisoners (PM Press), and in 2012, co-edited another book entitled, We Have Not Been Moved: Resisting Racism and Militarism in 21st Century America (PM Press).

Please keep an eye out for part two our report on the 30-day action campaign, which will further examine the legality of Maroon’s placement in solitary confinement and take a closer look at his recently published book, Maroon the Implacable. In the meantime, you can stay updated on the campaign for his release from solitary here. Below is a video interview with Theresa Shoatz, released by Solitary Watch in 2011.

Angola 3 News: Political prisoners are often seen as symbolic of what is wrong with the US government, but we don’t usually hear about the actual person and how their imprisonment has affected their families. As fellow Pennsylvania political prisoner Mumia Abu-Jamal has commented, “I am a man, not a symbol.” To begin our interview, can you please describe your father, Maroon, for us, so we can better understand who he is as a person?

Theresa Shoatz: Honestly, I can only define part of the man that Maroon is because I only know the man from which I engage with from behind the bullet proof glass. He is the man who pleads with me to save his life when he is not getting proper medical attention, and to fight for him when his living conditions are unbearable and his grievances aren't addressed.

However, there's so much more to Maroon. He loves his people. It’s what's keeps him going. His wisdom protects our family. Even while in solitary confinement today, he is still putting others first by denying any support for his freedom until his comrades are freed throughout the United States.

Maroon is extremely concerned with issues affecting single mothers and their children. He is drafting ways to not only put food on the table, but also to grow and prepare meals for the community. He's the man. Even when he's in no position to help, he connects to the outside with his attempts to heal the Black communities.

A3N:   How old were you when he was first forced underground?

TS:      I was about nine years of age when my dad was forced underground.

A3N:   What do you remember about Maroon from your early childhood?

TS:      My sister and I lived with him until I was five years old. I remember that back when my sister and I were only three and four years old, there was a black board hanging in the living room. Every morning, Daddy used that black board to teach us political education alongside physical education classes. Man, I love and miss those classes.

Daddy was cultivating young minds. With anything he did, I was right behind him. He was preparing us to be future leaders, but this preparation was halted when at the age five we were separated, and I stopped living with him.

A3N:   What has your relationship with Maroon has been like as you’ve grown older?

Ever since the age of nine, I have honored and admired my Dad. Today, he is still my hero. Maroon is a leader, educator, and father to many young black males behind bars. At his core, he is about peace and love for his people.

As Maroon approaches 70 years of age, he's a grandfather of ten. Since I can remember, he has tried to educate his biological children from behind bars. I can remember a prison contact visit from some thirty years ago, when I sat on my dad's lap, comparing our physical similarities, and him using the opportunity to update me on present-day issues.

After those few years of contact visits, I grew into womanhood and was forced to visit him from behind a thick bullet-proof glass. During one of our visits, I pointed this out, and through the thick glass while chained at the wrist and ankles, he said: "I had to step away from my family to protect my family and my community. I stepped away to secure a better future for you and the youth coming behind me. I couldn't allow you to be brutalized like those who came before and will come after you. I stepped away from my family for the love of my people.”

A3N:   How did that visit influence you?

TS:      Wow! That was so powerful. It hit me like a ton of bricks. Ever since that visit with Maroon, I’ve been motivated by the love of my people to do everything in my power to help us move forward, including my work with the Human Rights Coalition (HRC) in Philadelphia, and the HRC FedUp! chapter in Pittsburgh, which Maroon started from behind bars.

I am also the Director of a free after-school program for youth with a loved one in prison.  Last year, I became a foster parent and I have since fostered eight kids in my home, caring for two seventeen-year-old teenagers, a thirteen-year-old, a three-month-old, a two-year-old, a six-year-old, a four-day-old, and a pregnant teen. This is all for the love of my people.

Some think I’m crazy, but they're crazier than I am when they pretend not to see how so many youth in our community are lost and headed towards the prison system. If they pretend not to see what the system is doing to our youth, shame on them. I love my people. I'm just like my daddy Maroon--it’s in my blood.

(PHOTO: Theresa Shoatz at a protest for Mumia Abu-Jamal in Philadelphia on July 4, 2008, outside the Constitution Center, across the street from Independence Hall and the Liberty Bell.)

A3N:   A key feature of your father’s being held in solitary confinement at, until recently, SCI Greene, a supermax prison, is to not allow contact visits with family and friends. If Maroon is transferred to general population, he will then be able to have contact visits once again. How long has it been since you had a contact visit with him?

TS:      It’s been almost thirty years since I've been able to touch my father.

A3N:   How has this aspect of his imprisonment affected you personally?

TS:      It is extremely painful and mentally challenging. I am still that little girl who craves hugs, and reassurance from her daddy.

A3N:   How has the policy of no contacted visits affected the rest of your family?

TS:      The no-contact visits cause stress, leading to emotional and physical breakdowns.  The fear this creates often paralyzes family members, and is so debilitating that it prevents some from visiting him.

A3N:   What is a no-contact visit with him like?

To reach the solitary no-contact visiting room, there’s a tunnel spanning two city blocks, and a barbed-wired fence surrounds this ‘prison inside of a prison.’ The visiting room is cold and 99 percent of the time there are no other family members visiting prisoners.

It is mind blowing to think of this 69-year-old man with both ankles shackled, both wrists shackled, all attached by a chained waist belt. This contraption forces him to walk hunched over, and appear older than his real age.

A3N:   To underscore the importance of the new campaign to have Maroon transferred to general population, how significant will it be, if he’s transferred, to have contact visits with him after all these years?

TS:      After so many years of no-contact visits, I could really use some contact with my daddy. It’s well overdue. Contact visits would be nourishing. My soul is constantly in an uproar and the pain runs deep, yet I continue straight ahead, keeping my eye on freedom.

Outside of my daddy, there’s no man on this earth who could turn this pain around. The remedy is an end to all control units, the present day prison system, and freedom for Maroon and all my extended family: the political prisoners who stood on the front lines for our freedom.

A3N:   Thank you, Theresa, for sharing such a personal story with us.

The second part of this article now begins by interviewing longtime activist Matt Meyer. Matt, the afterword for Maroon the Implacable that you co-wrote with Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge asserts: “We believe that all people who believe in peace and nonviolence must work for justice, especially in these most grievous cases of injustice and especially at times when oppressive forces would have us distanced from colleagues and comrades such as Maroon, who are cast as ‘violent criminals’ unworthy of our support...Russell Maroon Shoatz must be freed now. His release must become a priority for all human rights activists, peace activists, pro-democracy advocates, environmentalists, anti-imperialists, students, churchgoers, and even progressive Parlimentarians.”

Building on the quote above, why is it that you are going beyond the immediate call for Maroon’s transfer to general population, and also calling for his release from prison?

Matt Meyer:   For me, the position for peace activists working in the context of restorative justice is clear: there can be no reconciliation without release.

Nozizwe and I also say in our afterword that “we must face the truth about the uprisings of forty years ago.” As you know, Nozizwe herself was a chief negotiator in the process which ended legal apartheid in South Africa, and the two of us respect the work of Archbishop Desmond Tutu, whose commitment to truth and reconciliation has always been coupled with a commitment to ‘heal’ by working for people’s power and the rights of the most oppressed.

Here in the US, we must face the truth that the legacy of the 1960s and 1970s remain an open wound so long as key leaders such as Maroon are invisible to the majority of us, tortured in dungeons for decades upon decades.

Even one day of the type of treatment Maroon has faced would be wrong in any human rights framework that is not centered on simplistic revenge, hatred, and a cycle of murder and violence. The US criminal justice system, filled with the injustices of centuries passed--based as it is on land theft, slavery, and greed--cannot be understood as ‘democratic’ in any sense of that word so long as Maroon remains behind bars.

Aside from many questions which could be raised about the political context of the initial charges and court case against him, the length and nature of his sentence and the way it has been carried out signal grave injustices which make a mockery of any attempt to characterize US jurisprudence as fair or color-blind.

A3N:   What is the significance of Maroon’s identification of himself as a ‘prisoner of war’ (POW)? How is this different than simply identifying as a political prisoner?

MM:   The United Nations outlines the specific legal definition of the prisoner of war position, definitions which are generally accepted by most participating nation-states, including the US. This definition is rooted in history which goes back as far as 1660, when international military protocol accepted that anyone who is held in custody by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict, whether combatant or non-combatant, should be classified as a POW. After World War Two, with the Geneva Convention of 1949 to which the US is a signatory, conditions were clearly outlined which require that POWs be treated humanely.

For those who lived through the tremendous upsurge of the Black liberation movement of the late 1960s, the position underscores a clear analysis of the relationship between “the Black nation” and the US empire. That relationship, simply put, is one AT WAR. Though the battles may appear to many as covert, and the military powers deeply imbalanced, the position of extreme conflict is nonetheless expressed. This includes the position taken by some people of African descent (i.e., “Black folk, New Afrikans, African-Americans, etc.) that the political status of US citizenship was never chosen by them, but rather, was imposed.

In any case, by using the international legal term ‘prisoner of war,’ the question of humane treatment and appropriate jurisdiction in a case of extreme conflict must be squarely faced.

A3N:   You edited the book Let Freedom Ring: A Collection of Documents from the Movements to Free U.S. Political Prisoners and co-edited We Have Not Been Moved: Resisting Racism and Militarism in 21st Century America. In your opinion how do popular movements resisting US military aggression abroad relate to movements at home seeking the release of COINTELPRO-era political prisoners & opposing the rise of the police state and mass imprisonment since COINTELPRO’s official end in the 1970s?

MM:   We must connect the dots between the military-industrial-complex and the prison- industrial-complex. We must begin with the fact that, on the one hand, the military has for too many become the job of choice in an era of vast economic depression and crisis. On the other hand, the ever-increasing rates of incarceration--where now there are more men of African descent behind bars than there were enslaved in the years leading up to the Civil War--suggest that cheap labor is being replaced by forced free labor as authorized by the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery, except for prisoners.

We must do more than understand that an empire in decline requires ever-cheaper means of producing whatever it can still produce and an ever-stretched military to police its dwindling holdings.

We must act, in ways faithful to the vision of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., who called for a “true revolution” in the American practices of racism, militarism, and materialism. We must be moved to go beyond the false dichotomies of race, and the false splits of tactical difference which seek to make Martin and Malcolm into irreconcilable opposites.

We must build coalitions and united fronts against empire, ones which understand that the many US political prisoners represent not only acts of repression from past generations but reminders to current and future movements that we must never stray beyond the confines of polite protest, OR ELSE.

Freeing all US political prisoners is both a just and basic human rights demand, but it is also a necessary step in building future movements which can act with militancy, creativity, soul, and a free spirit which we need to envision the ‘beloved communities’ which will build just and peaceful tomorrows.

A3N:   How does Maroon’s case fit into this? What is the broader political significance of Maroon’s imprisonment and his contributions to radical political movements since?

MM:   One should not be reading this interview for the answer to that question. Maroon’s broader political significance, and his contributions to current movements, is well revealed through a careful reading of the essential new essay collection Maroon the Implacable.

His writings on his own reflections on the Black Panthers, on the nature of sexism and matriarchy, on the environment and the need for eco-socialism, on the Occupy movement and how to build effective new movements, go far beyond the current discourse which we find in blogs and what passes for the left press. It is a challenging course in building for lasting social change.

(PHOTO: Matt Meyer, LaKeisha Wolfe, Fred Ho and Theresa Shoatz at a Pittsburgh event for We Have Not Beeen Moved in February 2013)

--Angola 3 News is a project of the International Coalition to Free the Angola 3. Our website is where we provide the latest news about the Angola 3. We are also creating our own media projects, which spotlight the issues central to the story of the Angola 3, like racism, repression, prisons, human rights, solitary confinement as torture, and more.

Buy Maroon the Implacable now | Buy e-Book now | Return to Matt Meyer's Author Page now

Pay People to Cook at Home

By Kristin Wartman
The New York Times
May 10th, 2013

The home-cooked family meal is often lauded as the solution for problems ranging from obesity to deteriorating health to a decline in civility and morals. Using whole foods to prepare meals without additives and chemicals is the holy grail for today’s advocates of better eating.

But how do we get there? For many of us, whether we are full-time workers or full-time parents, this home-cooked meal is a fantasy removed from the reality of everyday life. And so Americans continue to rely on highly processed and refined foods that are harmful to their health.

Those who argue that our salvation lies in meals cooked at home seem unable to answer two key questions: where can people find the money to buy fresh foods, and how can they find the time to cook them? The failure to answer these questions plays into the hands of the food industry, which exploits the healthy-food movement’s lack of connection to average Americans. It makes it easier for the industry to sell its products as real American food, with real American sensibilities — namely, affordability and convenience.

I believe the solution to getting people into the kitchen exists in a long-forgotten proposal. In the 1960s and ’70s, when American feminists were fighting to get women out of the house and into the workplace, there was another feminist arguing for something else. Selma James, a labor organizer from Brooklyn, pushed the idea of wages for housework. Ms. James, who worked in a factory as a young woman and later became a housewife and a mother, argued that household work was essential to the American economy and wondered why women weren’t being paid for it. As Ms. James and a colleague wrote in 1972, “Where women are concerned their labor appears to be a personal service outside of capital.”

She argued that it was a mistake to define feminism simply as equal pay in the work force. Instead, she wanted to formally acknowledge the work women were already doing. She knew that women wouldn’t stop doing housework once they joined the work force — rather they would return home each evening for the notorious “second shift.”

Many feminists at the time ignored the Wages for Housework campaign, while some were blatantly antagonistic toward it. Even today, with all the talk of the importance of home cooking — a huge part of housework — no one ever seems to mention Ms. James or Wages for Housework.

But ignoring this idea once again devalues housework and places a premium on working outside of the home. Since women first began to enter the work force, families have increasingly relied on processed foods and inexpensive restaurant meals. Those foods tend to have more calories and less nutritional value than fresh vegetables, fruits and meats, so it’s easy to see how the change in meal patterns led to a surge in obesity.

In 1970, Americans spent 26 percent of their food budget on eating out; by 2010, that number had risen to 41 percent. Over that period, rates of obesity in the United States more than doubled. Diabetes diagnoses have also soared, to 25.8 million in 2011 from roughly three million in 1968.

It’s nearly impossible for a single parent or even two parents working full time to cook every meal from scratch, planning it beforehand and cleaning it up afterward. This is why many working parents of means employ housekeepers. But if we put this work on women of lower socioeconomic status (as is almost always the case), what about their children? Who cooks and cleans up for them?

In the Wages for Housework campaign, Ms. James argued for a shorter workweek for all, in part so men could help raise the children. This is not a pipe dream. Several Northern European nations have instituted social programs that reflect the importance of this work. The Netherlands promotes a “1.5 jobs model,” which allows men and women to work 75 percent of their regular hours when they have young children. In Sweden, parents can choose to work three-quarters of their normal hours until children turn 8.

To get Americans cooking, we need to make it possible. Stay-at-home parents should qualify for a new government program while they are raising young children — one that provides money for good food, as well as education on cooking, meal planning and shopping — so that one parent in a two-parent household, or a single parent, can afford to be home with the children and provide wholesome, healthy meals. These payments could be financed by taxing harmful foods, like sugary beverages, highly caloric, processed snack foods and nutritionally poor options at fast food and other restaurants. Directly linking a tax on harmful food products to a program that benefits health would provide a clear rebuttal to critics of these taxes. Business owners who argue that such taxes will hurt their bottom lines would, in fact, benefit from new demand for healthy food options and from customers with money to spend on such foods.

If we truly value domestic work, we should also enact workplace policies that incentivize health, like “health days” that employees could use for health-promoting activities: shopping for food, cooking, or tending a community garden.

We can’t democratize good food without placing tangible value on the work done in the home. So while proponents of healthier eating are right to emphasize the importance of home-cooking and communal meals, we will never create an actual movement without placing a cultural and monetary premium on the hard work of cooking and the time and skills needed to do it.

Kristin Wartman is a journalist who writes about food, health, politics and culture.

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Barred For Life: A Review in ScannerZine

Scanner Zine
May 13th, 2013

It could be very easy to misinterpret this if you judged the book purely on its cover. At first glance, this appears to be more about tattooing than Punk Rock. There are lots of photos of people with tattoos, both heavily and lightly inked, of BLACK FLAG’s iconic bar logo. I don’t have a single tattoo and I plan on keeping my skin clear of ink, but if I did, I would not personally choose the bars. The actual scope of the book, however, transcends mere tattoos.

The book is basically a visual document of a tour Ebersole undertook in 2009 looking for those with the BLACK FLAG bars tattooed somewhere on their torso. The book captures approximately 400 of those FLAG fans in sharp monochrome photography in all manner of settings. Each fan gets their own little spiel about what BLACK FLAG mean to them (with some being poignant in the extreme), favourite track, album and singer. It’s an interesting way to spend a spare five minutes and there are no clear-cut choices when it comes to singer/track/album preferences - even ‘The Process Of Weeding Out’ gets a few votes! Those featured include a few notable names too - Frank Turner is on the final page, owners of Equal Vision, Slang and Deathwish Records appear, Tripp Underwood of UNSEEN and Erik Larsen (ex-AVAIL) also make appearances.

However, it’s the narrative of Ebersole that I found engrossing. It’s basically his own life story in Punk Rock. I always enjoy these stories and Ebersole writes with clarity and passion and without any sense of egotism or superiority. It’s a familiar rite of passage that many of us took - especially those who are still moved by this Punk Rock thing some 30 years later - but as with all tellers of such stories, it’s the small differences that make the bigger picture that much more interesting and unique. He tells of his sense of feeling an outsider, of how a few people directed him toward eye-opening and life changing events and sounds and of his eventual disillusionment. What’s clear is he does still love Punk Rock and the way he winds the history of BLACK FLAG (fact and fable) into the narrative probably makes this the most enjoyable book about BLACK FLAG out there. Interestingly also, Ebersole is quick to point out that BLACK FLAG was probably never his most favoured Punk band.

Giving this a sense of official authorisation, Ebersole has also interviewed BLACK FLAG alumni Keith Morris, Chuck Dukowski, Dez Cadena, Ron Reyes and Kira Roessler. Not stopping there, photographers Ed Colver and Glen E Friedman are included in conversation, as is tattooist Rick Spellman who is responsible for Rollins’ back. The interviews are really great too - particularly Dukowski’s. Ebersole states that both Greg Ginn and Henry Rollins were offered interviews and both declined; that’s probably more detrimental to Ginn and Rollins than the book itself. The interviews look great too, being printed on four huge ‘bars’ across double pages.

The whole book has a very original feel to it, mixing high quality visuals with an excellent yet understated narrative that’s laden with knowledge and comprehensive, uncluttered interviews. If Rollins’ Get In The Van is too angst-ridden and depressing, and Stevie Chick’s Spray Paint The Walls a little sterile, then this is the perfect antidote to any faults those books may have.

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Drawn to New York on The Rumpus


May 3rd, 2013

The New York Comics & Picture-Story Symposium is a weekly forum for discussing the tradition and future of text/image work. Open to the public, it meets Monday nights 7-9pm EST in New York City. Presentations vary weekly and include everything from historical topics and technical demonstrations to creators presenting their work. Check out upcoming meetings here.


Peter Kuper came to present a summary of three decades of his work at this week’s symposium. In his bag was a small stash of copies of his soon-to-be released book Drawn to New York, fresh off the press, as well as his usual kit of on-location sketching materials signaling the next book to come.


Kuper began by pointing out that storytelling through comics has always been a significant part of the human experience as evident in the very early cave paintings. The stories that we choose to tell one another are significant preservers of the culture, perhaps more so than anything else. He followed this slide with a stream of images representing generation after generation of visual artists influenced by the city of New York. For as long as there have been people, there has been a desire to leave a mark behind. But this universal desire has been blown to wild proportions in New York mostly because it is so hard to mark.

The city seems to offer endless possibilities and opportunities for artists. There are vast amounts of surfaces to cover, be them walls on the street or in a gallery, sidewalks and subway cars, newspapers, journals, magazines and books, storefronts and benches, posters, flyers, napkins and canvases. But the marketplace dips and rises and the rapid renovation alongside the decay of the city’s infrastructure propels the visual history of the city as an independent meta-structure while its physical origins are erased with a single beat of the urban drum.



For instance, images which began their lives as graffiti embedded onto the concrete itself, have emancipated themselves as icons of the city.


The popular Sunday Funnies characters who reflected the urban daily life of the old tenements have faded along with the crumbling newspapers they were printed on, but have since become coined in the journalistic language. Or the story of MAUS that began as loose pages in Raw Magazine which was sold through the mail and went on to win a Pulitzer Prize and took its place in the pantheon of american literature.




The city constantly calls its artists’ gaze onto itself and inspires obsessive documentation of its daily life, yet it does not promise to sit still long enough for one to feel a familiarity or a citizenship. Kuper explained that it is easy to see how Jack Kirby’s alienated points of view in his earlier illustrations have evolved into the stories of “The Fantastic Four” and other superheroes who remain forever outsiders no matter how many adventures they go through.

Most of the illustrated marks that have long since evaporated from the physical grid, scraped off the post boxes or discarded with the daily paper are forever embedded as the backdrops of the NYC fantasies, legends movies and fiction. They shape not the city itself, but the perception of it and the imagination of the artists to come. It is largely the images themselves which attract artists from outside like moths to the flame that covers their tracks. For an artist striving to survive in New York what is left is to take a place in the imagination and to reflect that of those before him.


So many of those images are apocalyptical scenarios where all that is left to recognize is the city’s famous skyline which lends itself well to destruction and floods.



Kuper talked a lot about the important role of nostalgia while living in a place that seems to contradict the basic conditions for creating a life for oneself. The city never ceases to inspire yet there remains the need to feel one has arrived somewhere where he belongs.


Through the eyes of Winsor McCay’s Little Nemo we may learn about a cityscape that once was, and through the eyes of Ben Katchor’s Julius Knipl, Real Estate Photographer, Kuper finds himself reminiscing about a city which has never existed. The nostalgic emotion provides the crucial emotional connection to the city Kuper has made his home.

Kuper added the best way he has of feeling at home in NYC is to venture away from it and realize how much he genuinely fears being anywhere else. He told us about his most recent out of town vacation. He arrived at La Guardia Airport only to find out all flights had been delayed indefinitely on account of the air traffic control budget cuts. He then canceled his flight and thought of nothing that would make him happier but the sight of Manhattan’s skyline.



Kuper’s personal story began in 1977 when he disembarked a bus from his hometown of Cleveland, Ohio during his first vacation from college. The song playing in his head, which he sang out loud to us, was Frank Sinatra’s classic “New York, New York.”




The city he beheld was dirty, decaying, dangerous and poverty-stricken but he felt he had arrived in heaven.

In the six week intervals between the calls he would make to the head of the animation studio he was promised to work for, he pounded the pavement with his portfolio gravitating towards the siren call of the city’s glamorous architecture.



Ever since, every day has held for him the promise of a thrilling adventure “minus the 20 dollars walking out of the door fee,” Kuper jokes. He flipped through a few spreads of the sketchbook diary he regularly carries around with him and of which excerpts have been published in this new book. The overlaid scenes he records vary in style. The diversity of the moment he observes accommodates his love of experimentation with various mark-making materials. From a multi-colored pencil, collages of ticket stubs and restaurant bills, water colors, stencils to micro-pens and ink brushes.


 Throughout his talk, Kuper inserted numerous allusions to the movie industry and described his sincere adoration of cinema. “This is the best movie ever!” he exclaims whenever he catches a movie set in New York on TV. He becomes somewhat excited by what he phrased as “real-estate porn.” Every so often he would watch something like “Rosemary’s Baby” and find himself giddily peering over Satan’s shoulder, as the characters behind him venture into “the next room,” or “turn into a corridor” both quite fantastical situations in a NYC apartment.


Whereas New York has always been one of the main backdrops in the movie industry, the everyday experience of the city is much more similar to comics than film. The city randomly organizes its people into isolated static frames/moments, pausing (or not) at traffic lights, bus-stops, queues. Creating a story means contemplating the mysteries of the tissue connecting them. Asking what might be the element holding together a subway car packed with languages and outfits, and whether it’s strong enough to stop them from disappearing completely from each-others lives as it screeches into a halt is a sequential artist’s question. Kuper demonstrated this with his wordless story “One Dollar” accompanying it with a jazzy tune playing from his iPhone.




 Comics is a medium that is a direct reflection of the musicality, the architecture, and the sense of time that may be perceived as both static and dynamic at one glance.



It is clear to see why the city has always been a Mecca of cartooning, but having said that, he refrained, “I consider surviving here in this medium for such a long time an achievement in its own right.”


Another unique aspect of the city Kuper touched upon was the way its architecture challenges the definitions of high and low. The city’s population disappears underground and then resurfaces only to disappear once more to the top of a sky scraper or into the depths of the urban jungle. The skyline dips and ducks, the streets are strewn with gaping holes. Everyone has a different destination but the rhythm is unanimous. Just as they pump the city with a continuous stream of traffic, the visual chronicles of the city all merge into a single musical continuum. Throughout art history, the terminology for artforms that have crossed over set lines has often been deprecative. Such is the term “Ashcan School” for artists who turned to document the underbelly of the city life, or the term “Graphic Novels” describing the literary works of Lynd Ward and Will Eisner. However, the contrast and resistance are authentic to the nature of the city. Kuper said he based the design of his book on this notion of blurring the lines. As a visual artist he derives inspiration from the worlds of comics, illustrations and fine art alike. Thus, he laid out his paintings besides sketches, and gag cartoons beside introspective portraits. Kuper said he also deliberately mixed the chronology of his work to emphasize his thesis that an artistic quest has nothing to do with definitions. Just as every stroll around the block challenges the containing, permanent quality of architecture simply by introducing a new point of view to the continuum.

Kuper admitted that while the sustained notion of discovery may numb any visions of terror or overwhelming sadness with a false sense of satisfaction, they also mean he never stops seeing. This is his way of paying tribute to the homeless, the impoverished, and the isolated.


After the events of 9/11 he wished art could do more, ultimately realizing that “creation in the face of destruction was of the utmost value.” In this context Kuper mentioned the importance of political publications such as WW3 as a vehicle of streaming confrontational images into the media which would otherwise remain outside the visual landscape.


Kuper explained his choice of recent years to take on long-term projects and cut back on editorial illustration jobs. He said his political illustrations had a greater relevance during the Bush administration when mainstream magazines like Time were willing to publish more political and angst-driven illustrations. However, now there seems to be an editorial attitude that strong political images are less important and can be toned down, as if now “everything is fixed.”


Image 1:Peter Kuper, Drawn to New York, PM Press 2013

Image 2: Banksy, 2005

Image 3: portait of Keith Haring

Image 4: Richard F. Outcault, Merry Xmas Morning in Hogan’s Alley, 1895

Image 5-6: Peter Kuper, Drawn to New York, PM Press 2013

Image 7: Eric Drooker, Flood, Dark Horse Books, 1992

Image 8: Winsor McCay, Little Nemo In Slumberland

Image 9-16: Peter Kuper, Drawn to New York, PM Press 2013

Image 17: George Belows, Cliff Dwellers, 1913

Image 18-19: Peter Kuper, Drawn to New York, PM Press 2013


About the author: Keren Katz has a tattoo of a helicopter by Peter Kuper above her right knee. She is the illustrating half of The Katz Sisters duo and also the half that is not fictitious. Her latest graphic novel “The Night Poetry Class in Room 1001” debuted in April. Check out more her projects here, and more of her books here.

Buy book now | Buy e-Book now | Back to Peter Kuper's Author Page

Drawn to New York Review on Ad Astra

by Nicole Burton
Ad Astra
May 18th, 2013

“Clearly New York was a dangerous place where terrible things could happen, but also a place that could turn ordinary people into superheroes.”

Kuper’s recently published work is building on the available literature making an argument for “graphic biographies” – not for people, but for places. Cities. Something attracts us to these massive collections of social activity that take on a life and personality all their own, and actually change us in the process. Radical artist (and former New Yorker) Eric Drooker postulates in the beginning of the book that people move to NYC as much to find careers and connections as they come to find themselves. Drawn to New York is a dedication to that power.

The book is a mash-up of a few different categories of work. There’s an intimacy in the quick sketches that are clearly drawn in the moment, on the subway, in cafes, (which conversely make you feel as close as you can be to that original scene, while also conveying that this book is really allowing you to peruse someone’s private journal/sketchbook –which is just the best thing in the world). As you peruse these pages, your eyes taking in a mesmerizing quantity of geometric shapes (so many right angles, so many windows!), a section of sketches will be punctuated with a longer piece of sequential art that tells a short story. As you read, the work more or less gets better and better; I can only assume this is because it is ordered chronologically, but I’m not sure.














The power of Kuper as a “New York artist” really shines in his highly-detailed stencil comics (made with multiple layers of stencils and spray paint), like the collection of New Yorker facial expressions, or his 2 a.m. trip to the top of the Brooklyn Bridge, or his commentaries on gentrification and crime.

Beyond the actual aesthetic of his work, the variety of perspective here is pretty broad, and is perhaps a part of Kuper himself being a New Yorker and an outsider (he’s originally from Cleveland–-which, oddly enough, has its own amazing graphic biography by Harvey Pekar.) His work goes from feeling like a love letter to an observation by an anthropologist of a place that is completely his “other”.

Towards the end his work has gotten pretty sophisticated, with pieces of comics journalism coming in about major NYC events, like his strip, “The Wall”. This piece, and every other, seems set in its conveyance that this great city is great for the same reasons it is so unstable: it is constantly in movement.

Or in Kuper’s words:

“This city is change. That’s its glory – it’s a perpetually unfinished canvas, offering up possibility to each successive wave of artists.”

stencil art

A showcase of city and artist, with an interesting interplay between the two. That is, Peter Kuper is now, undeniably, a “New York artist”… the city shaped him. And in return, Kuper continues to pay tribute by making art that adds to the city’s ever-evolving mythos.

For more information about Peter Kuper, check out Peter’s book page in the PM Press store site.

Full Book Information:

Title: “Drawn to New York: An Illustrated Chronicle of Three Decades in New York City”
Artist: Peter Kuper
Introduction: Eric Drooker
Published: May 2013 by PM Press
Format: Hardcover only at this time
Size: 10.5 by 8
Page count: 208 Pages
Subjects: Art-Illustration, History-New York City, Regional-New York City
List Price: $29.95

Buy book now | Buy e-Book now | Back to Peter Kuper's Author Page

Barred For Life: A Review on CVLT Nation

by Meghan MacRae
CVLT Nation
May 23rd, 2013

It's hard to exaggerate the importance of Black Flag to underground music. They pioneered a touring style that is standard for bands today, plus they basically invented hardcore, or at least set the standard for it. Their four bar logo has achieved almost Che-like status in pop culture iconography, but it manages to remain cool and underground at the same time - as Ebersole puts it: "look closely at those four rectangles and you will see a cute little waving black flag representing "ANARCHY;" the stateless state; a DIY politic. No Gods and No Masters, as they say!" I can't tell you how many people I know or have met who have inked that logo somewhere on their body. With Barred For Life, Stewart Dean Ebersole has put together a photo documentary of how Black Flag has touched people's lives - literally in the form of tattoos. Interspersed with photos of people he and photographer Jared Castaldi captured along their six years of travel in North America and abroad, Ebersole tells the story of being a punker of the 80s in America, and how Black Flag figured in punk rock lore of the time. The result is rad to look at and a captivating read, and also includes in-depth interviews with Dez and Chuck. I would wager at least half of you reading this have a Black Flag tattoo on you somewhere, and you know you're not alone! Check out some of the rad portraits below, and head over to the Barred For Life facebook page here and get your own copy here!

Barred for Life! <br />A Chronicle of the Black Flag Tattoo



13.Claire Bastarache

33.Mark Pesci

58.Alex Submachine

62.David Wuttke

70.Darius Hart

88.Norman Truman

97.Mallory Harwardt

120.Su Spellman

127.Phillip AcalaB

129.London May

137.Jeffrey Hopson.BK

143.John Guerra

148.James Owens

167.Michael Sacrimpante

204.Jeff Janiak

214.Jean-Luc Navette

219.Mayo Maggiore.Inset1

225.Paolo Martinelli

Barred For Life: A Review in Razorcake

by Kurt Morris
May 17th, 2013

I have been looking forward to Barred for Life for a number of years now. The subtitle says it all: "How Black Flag's Iconic Logo Became Punk Rock's Secret Handshake." As someone who has "The Bars" (as they're called), I was intrigued with what author Stewart Dean Ebersole would come up with. The book is hefty and depending on how punk rock your house is, it would make for a good coffee table book. The general thrust of the book is a plethora of photos of people with their tattoos of The Bars. The nice thing is that the photos aren't just close-ups of the tattoos, rather the focus is on the individual. Sometimes The Bars are hard to find on the person, but they're always there. It's more about their experience with the logo. Each photo comes with some basic information (I'm not in the book, just using myself as an example):

Kurt Morris
Age: 34
Home: Boston, MA
Occupation: Researcher/Librarian
Favorite Singer: Rollins
Favorite Song: "In My Head"
Favorite Album: Who's Got the 10 1/2 ?

In addition to their photo, they also have a snippet of text about The Bars or punk rock or what Black Flag has meant to them. Subjects are from the United States, Canada, and parts of Western Europe. While the photographs are the thrust of the book, there are also interviews with a number of members of Black Flag (Chuck Dukowski, Dez Cadena, Ron Reyes, Kira Roessler, and Keith Morris), as well as those associated with the band (tattooist Rick Spellman and photographers Edward Colver and Glen Friedman). Additionally, Ebersole has written essays about his experience with punk rock and Black Flag that are spread throughout the book and around the photos.

The photographs were well-done and intriguing. I wanted to learn more about each of these individuals, but, obviously, that is outside the scope of this text. The decision to focus on the individual over the tattoo was key in the success of Barred for Life. It shows that the book is about more than just the tattoo; it's about how The Bars has affected so many people. The size of each photograph was generous, reminding the reader that this was the heart of the book. However, by the end of it, the amount of photographs felt overwhelming. There were so many, and unless the person had a funny pose or said something unique, they blurred together. One or two-dozen fewer photos would have still slacked my thirst for The Bars.

That being said, it seems a poor choice to intersperse Ebersole's essays around the photographs. Separating the essays, photos, and interviews into discrete sections would have been a smarter choice. While it's interesting to read how the forty-something Ebersole got into punk and his experiences with it, I found it to be superfluous. An introduction wherein he explained his history would have sufficed.

The interviews are great, though. But it's misleading to call them interviews. They're actually essays by the individuals with no questions interspersed. I learned things about the band and the lives of the individuals outside the band, as well as their thoughts on Black Flag all these years later. It's a shame they couldn't have been longer and included even more members. (Morris and Dukowski have talked about their time in Black Flag quite a bit, but what about Bill Stevenson or Anthony Martinez?) It's unfortunate Greg Ginn and Henry Rollins weren't included, but it's not really a surprise, either, considering their past lack of interest in giving interviews about their time in Black Flag.

While the essays were largely unnecessary, Barred for Life is still a pretty cool book. It adds another level of depth to the history of one of punk rock's most influential acts. This book is definitely recommended for fans of Black Flag as well as those interested in punk rock tattoos. 

Buy book now | Buy e-Book now | Back to Stewart Dean Ebersole's Author Page

Bicycle! Reviewed in Razorcake

by Kurt Morris
May 17th, 2013

I enjoy biking around Boston. It's not a bad biking town, although it comes with its share of hazards. Having a bike here requires it to be in tip-top shape. While I take my bike to Bikes Not Bombs for upkeep, others, like my roommate, prefer to do most work on their own. A book like Bicycle! is meant for people such as her, as well as bike messengers and mechanics-anyone who works on bikes regularly.

Bicycle! is broken down into chapters that go in depth about the various parts that make up the bike: frames, headsets, wheels, handlebars, brakes, and more. There are also chapters on winter riding, on-the-road repairs, different geared bikes, and even building your own bike. The material in here is detailed and thorough, with photographs and drawings that show parts and materials that comprise a bike.

While the material may be more detailed than a basic bicyclist may need, author Sam Tracy has plenty experience with repairing bikes (including in the African country of Mauritania) to know what he's talking about. Written in paragraph form, he writes of ways to improve one's bike as well as simple fixes for what ails it. Overall, Bicycle! seems thorough and comes from an author who is quite knowledgeable in the field. Unfortunately, for someone like myself who is a more casual bicyclist, it was a bit over my head. But for anyone interested in taking on the maintenance aspect of their bicycle, this is recommended.

Buy book now | Buy e-Book now | Back to Sam Tracy's Page

PM Authors & Contributors @ The Left Forum June 8th-9th

Stop by the Left Forum for challenging panels and engaging presentations by these PM Authors & Contributors & Hundreds of others. Also remember to stop by the exhibition room and check out our new releases including Peter Kuper's Drawn to New York, among others.

For more information on the Left Forum, click HERE.

Saturday, June 8th

Session 1
Room: LHN

The Making of Global Capitalism

In this conversation, Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin demonstrate the intimate relationship between modern capitalism and the American state, including its role as an “informal empire” promoting free trade and capital movements.

Nicole Aschoff    

Leo Panitch        
Sam Gindin            
Joshua Freeman


Session 1
Room: W521

The Theory of One-Dimensional Society, the Specter of Climate Collapse, and Prospects for Social Transformation

Following the presentation of theories of reification advanced by György Lukács in his History and Class Consciousness (1923), and continuing his colleagues’ investigations into the "culture industry" of late capitalism (Dialectic of Enlightenment, 1944), German critical theorist Herbert Marcuse famously came to declare advanced-industrial society as being one-dimensional (One-Dimensional Man, 1964): a world marked by the absence of opposition to prevailing trends, with the stipulated integration of the Marxian proletariat into capitalism and generalized social conformity. This panel will examine the contemporary relevance of Marcuse’s analysis of one-dimensionality, particularly as regards the ever-worsening climatic and environmental crises, driven as they are by the exigencies of the capitalist machine and, crucially, its seemingly widespread acceptance among the U.S. populace at large (the U.S. being the single largest contributor to this problem historically). Dialectically, though, this panel will also attempt to explore the chances for a sustained "ecological general strike," as is being currently formulated by the I.W.W., prosecuted by the masses residing within the world-system’s imperialist core, in accordance with their responsibilities, as theorized by tendencies like autonomous Marxism. Panelists will also seek to examine the contributions permaculture can provide in the struggle for a decentralized, anti-authoritarian resolution to the climate crisis.

Javier Sethness Castro   

Sky Cohen            
Jani Benjamins             
Quincy Saul


Session 1
10:00am - 11:50am
Room: W604

The Revolution of Everyday Life: Are Situationist Ideas Still Relevant?

PM Press have recently published a completely revised translation of Raoul Vaneigem's "classic of subversion," The Revolution of Everyday Life. Vaneigem's book offers a lyrical and aphoristic critique of the "society of the spectacle" from the point of view of individual experience. If Debord's analysis armed the revolutionaries of May with theory, Vaneigem's book described their desperation directly and armed them with "formulations capable of firing point-blank on our enemies." Donald Nicholson-Smith will discuss the technical and politico-cultural difficulties confronted by the translator of critical texts such as those of the Situationist International. Is such translation really possible, or does the "target" (English-speaking) culture inevitably alter and reinvent the original (French) one for its own purposes? Donald Nicholson-Smith will discuss the value (or not) of the book now that it is almost half a century old with Chris Winks, a connoisseur of the Situationist International and its sequelae. The discussion will be chaired by Eddie Yuen.

Eddie Yuen

Chris Winks
Donald Nicholson-Smith
Hari Kunzru


Session 1
10:00am - 11:50am
Room: W522

World War 3 Illustrated 33 years of confrontational comix

Since 1980 World War 3 illustrated has been addressing personal and political ideas using the medium of comics to illustrate these ideas. The magazine has been an historical document of our history from Reagan to Obama as well as international history. Founding editors and on-going contributors will discuss this history and our future with visual presentations.

Peter Kuper

Seth Tobocman
Sabrina Jones
Sandy Jimenez


Session 1
10am - 11:50am
Room: W503

Penal states, Border choreography, Bare bodies

Statistics show that prisons, detention centers, solitary camps, border deaths and movement of immigrants through illegal pathways have increased exponentially with restrictive and selective regularization mechanisms in the EU and settlers states such as United States and Canada. Politics of difference, xenophobia, islamophobia, global war on terror, nationalism, and imperialism coincides with the increase in discrimination and sequestering of immigrant populations. Therefore this panel explores: legality/illegality, precarity of clandestine immigrant workers and immigrant autonomy through collaborative convergence of clandestine immigrants with immigrant-justice groups, autonomous Marxist/anarchist and native activist groups.

Terran Giacomini

Matt Meyer
Matt Graber
Sutapa Chattopadhyay
Thanu Yakupitiyage


Session 1
10:00am - 11:50am
Room: E325

Left Wing Noir: High Crimes and Misdemeanors

A group of progressive crime writers discuss the importance of incorporating economic, environmental and other crimes in their novels and stories, in a popular genre with a long history of social commentary, and the challenges of being a creative artist in a commercial medium that doesn't want to hear alternative views that run counter to the dominant Center-Right "mainstream" narrative.

Kenneth Wishnia   

Steven Wishnia
Irene Marcuse
Lina Zeldovich
Kaylie Jones


Session 2
12:00pm - 01:40pm
Room: LHN

State Theory and its practical orientation

An open discussion on Alvaro Garcia Lineras theory of the state with Stanley Aronowitz and Leo Panitch. 

Stanley Aronowitz

Leo Panitch
Saskia Sassen  


Session 2
12:00pm - 1:40pm
Room: W613

Primitive Accumulation in Light of the Current Onslaught of Austerity

This panel addresses the damage austerity is doing to the economy and society. Its backdrop will be Karl Marx's analysis of the role of classical primitive accumulation. For all its brutality, classical political accumulation may deserve some credit in promoting the development of capitalism's productive capacity. In contrast to classical primitive accumulation, the modern variant seems to be almost entirely extractive, feeding the voracious appetite of finance capital, by consuming what might otherwise nourish the lives of the people, including those parts of the public sector that serve human needs.

Michael Perelman  


David McNally 
Michael Hudson


Session 2
12:00pm - 1:40pm
Room: E303

Shrinking Financial Capital: Why and How?

We would like to have a facilitated discussion with Cathy O'Neil (from OWS alt. banking) and Doug Henwood (author of Wall Street) on why the financial sector is still a smart target for organized movements. What is finance capital's unique political and economic role in the economy? What tools do movements have for curbing its power in the medium-term? What is a long-term strategy for shrinking finance to bathtub-drownable levels?

Suresh Naidu   

Cathy O'Neil  
Doug Henwood


Session 3
3:40pm - 5:20pm
Room: E308

Labor: Stumbling Block or Ally in the Transition to Building an Ecologically Sustainable Economy?

The panel will discuss the important role of labor’s role in building the transition to an ecologically sustainable economy and some of the problems we face in a society where jobs are scarce. Panelists will include union activists and labor educators.

Jenny Brown


Sam Gindin
Howie Hawkins        
Steve Downs


Session 3
3:40pm - 5:20pm
Room: E329

Unpacking the University-National Security State-Corporate Complex

Our major universities, as key institutions serving corporate and state power and imperial “national interest,” are currently undergoing a transformation. While still rhetorically giving voice to the goals and expressed values of a liberal education -- those of openness, tolerance and democracy -- the modern university has increasingly become an essential component of the "university-national security state-corporate complex." In short, universities worldwide are being retooled to serve neoliberal ends and an offensive is currently underway to restructure the entire higher education system in service to capital and empire. The panel will examine various elements, illustrated by case studies, of that broader agenda.

Liza Featherstone 

Steve Horn
Allen Ruff
Chris Hebdon


Session 3
3:40pm - 5:20pm
Room: E322      

Ecofeminist Ecosocialism in Action: Perspectives on Contemporary Movements for a Planet Beyond Capitalism

This panel begins with the premise that a transition to an ecosocialist world society is possible only to the extent that the movement and its outcomes are ecofeminist in character. Our aim is to highlight ecofeminist dimensions of movements that seek ways beyond capitalism and crises. The panel participants address the following themes: How resistors set up direct deals to take control over energy, food and related parts of the political economy, how activists in the USA are organizing an ecofeminist, ecosocialist movement, and how and to what extent global social movements build convergence across gendered, ethnicized class and geographic borders as an alternative to the corporate and United Nations ‘green economy’ agenda. The panelists seek to contribute to a revolutionary feminist and ecofeminist analysis of contemporary social movements and problems in 21st century political economy.

Terran Giacomini

Terisa Turner   
Abraham Mwaura     
Quincy Saul
Sutapa Chattopadhyay


Session 4
5:30pm - 7:10pm
Room: Schimmel

Ecosocialism: Coming to a Horizon Near You

In the wake of Hurricane Sandy and other recent so-called natural disasters, many people on the Left are awaking to the magnitude of climate change, and to the importance of an ecological critique of capitalism. What is the next stage in the evolution of anti-capitalist thought, action, and organization, in this new era of climate chaos? What is the ecosocialist movement, and what is ecosocialism as a political and ideological orientation? Join some of the co-founders of Ecosocialist Horizons, a group that has been organizing around these questions for many years, nationally and internationally. We invite you to a join a conversation, an organization and a movement.

Joel Kovel  

Quincy Saul
Kanya D'Almeida
Terran Giacomini
Abraham Mwaura 
Ben Barson
Terisa Turner
Leigh Brownhill     


Session 4
5:30pm - 7:10pm
Beyond Bloomberg: The Future of New York

From his perch at City Hall and with the aid of both imperial wealth and an often imperious personality, Mayor Bloomberg has pushed a vision for the city that has charmed the chattering classes and confounded critics. What is the Bloomberg legacy and what progressive possibilities exist in the most unequal city in America? A conversation based on a special issue of The Nation. Featuring Doug Henwood, Kim Phillips-Fine, Sharifa Rhodes-Pitts, Josh Freeman and The Nation's Executive Editor, Betsy Reed.
Betsy Reed         

Doug Henwood 
Joshua Freeman

Session 4
5:30pm - 7:10pm
Room: W510

The Question of Strategy after Occupy

Panel Discussion

Vivek Chibber

Barbara Epstein
Sam Gindin
Charles Post 
Michalis Spourdalakis 


Session 4
5:30pm - 7:10pm
Room: W610

Free Puerto Rican Political Prisoner Oscar Lopez RIvera

Professor Ana M Lopez   

Jan Susler, Esq.  
Graciano Matos
Clarissa Lopez

Book: Oscar Lopez Rivera: Between Torture and Resistance by Oscar López Rivera
and edited by Luis Nieves Falcón    


Session 4
5:30pm - 7:10pm
Room: W522

Politics and Literature: Victor Serge Today

After years of obscurity, Victor Serge is emerging as an exemplary figure, both as lifelong revolutionary and a major 20th Century novelist. Ignored in academia, Serge’s books command a growing ‘invisible international’ of readers. New translations and editions are appearing, including the first complete English translation of Serge’s classic Memoirs of a Revolutionary. In life, Serge incarnated many dualities: French/Russian, anarchist/Bolshevik, revolutionary propagandist/literary artist. At this round-table, Serge translators, scholars and members of the Brecht Forum Serge Study Group will discuss topics as diverse as Serge’s newly recovered Mexican Notebooks, Serge’s anarchism, Serge’s revolutionary humanism, and Serge’s ‘double duty’ concept while seeking the unity underlying Serge’s apparent eclecticism.

Jenny Greeman


Chris Winks
Mitch Abidor
Casey Butcher
Richard Greeman


Session 4
5:30pm - 7:10pm
Room: E301

The Intertwining of Red and Green: Ecocide Can Only be Stopped with the Defeat of Capitalism

The only way to save the planet is to end capitalism. In the production of commodities, the processes of exploitation and expropriation/extraction are inextricably intertwined. Our struggles against both should be similarly linked. We will discuss the economic mechanisms that make capitalism inherently expansionist, and therefore ecocidal, and how capitalism generates both class domination/struggle and ecocide (omnicide, in fact). And yet our corresponding movements—labor and environmental—have often been at odds. A ghastly contradiction has been set up between our need for clean air/water/food, and our dependency on jobs (increased industrial production) for immediate survival. Capitalists push this contradiction in their favor; we will explore how we can push it the other way. We’ll discuss the need for environmentalists to ally with and support working class struggles, as well as for the working class to incorporate the fight against extraction/expropriation, in particular through imperialism), into their struggles. The environmental struggle can only be won if capitalism is eliminated. Only the working class, by liberating itself and abolishing wages, can defeat capital and end capitalism. A red-green alliance is essential to strengthen our collective capacity to challenge our common enemy.

Stephanie McMillan

Ron Whyte
Mario Kawonabo
Jalen Matney


Sunday, June 9th

Session 5
10:00am - 11:50am
Room: W615


This panel includes several authors of the book Catastrophism: The Apocalyptic Politics of Collapse and Rebirth, The panelists will explore the politics of apocalypse—on the left and right, in the environmental movement—and consider whether the lens of catastrophe can distort our understanding of the dynamics at the heart of these numerous disasters and possibly impede our ability to transform the world. Doug Henwood, Eddie Yuen, and Jim Davis will consider the reasons why catastrophic thinking is so prevalent, and challenge the belief that it is only out of the ashes that a better society may be born. The authors argue that those who care about social justice and the environment should jettison doomsaying—even as it relates to indisputably apocalyptic climate change. Far from calling people to arms, they suggest, catastrophic fear often results in passivity and paralysis—and, at worst, reactionary politics.

Doug Henwood    

Eddie Yuen 
James Davis      


Session 5
10:00am - 11:50am
Room: W626

China, Africa and Capitalist Destruction of the Planet

China has been transformed into the workshop of the world. But it is a workshop with few native natural resources. This circumstance has compelled China to enter into highly problematic relations with foreign resource suppliers, notably with various undemocratic governments in Africa. At the same time China's unique hybrid communist-capitalist mode of production is driving China's ecology toward collapse while its relentless and rising coal burning and resource consumption has dire implications for the whole planet. Fred Magdoff, professor of plant soil science, ecosocialist and author of "What Every Environmentalist Should Know About Capitalism", Tersa Turner, professor of anthropology and author of works on oil and class struggle, gendered development an related topics, and Richard Smith, whose work has focused on capitalist development and China's environment, will comment on these issues.

Matt Meyer 

Terisa Turner
Fred Magdoff
Richard Smith


Session 5
10:00am - 11:50am
Room: W602

Reproducing Cities in the Americas: Knowledge, Technique, and Spatial Practice

This session highlights the struggles for urban space in the Americas through the intersecting lenses of race, gender, sexuality, and class, paying close attention to the politics of urban development, displacement, confinement, and surveillance, as well as resistance. On the one hand, gentrification and neoliberal economics are displacing and confining the urban poor to a growing periphery. Simultaneously, communities that have been historically relegated to the city’s margins, find themselves subject to increased policing if they are to access social programs. On the other hand, displaced groups are making claims to urban space by drawing on their racial and gender identities. All of these processes are intimately linked to processes of global capitalism. By juxtaposing research projects focused on Toronto, Vancouver, Montevideo, Rio and Sao Paolo, and drawing on methodologically flexible approaches, the panel aims to show how site specific research is both theoretical and practical for forming political collaborations capable of challenging global capital across geopolitical spaces. Panelists: Leslie Kern, Department of Geography, Mount Allison University; Karen Murray, Department of Political Science, York University; Vannina Sztainbok, Department of Sociology, University of Toronto; Chair: David McNally, Department of Political Science, York University

David McNally

Karen Murray
Vannina Sztainbok
Leslie Kern  


Session 5
10:00am - 11:50am
Room: W625

Exodus: Breaking out of Prison and Patriarchy: The Life and Times of Russell Maroon Shoatz

This panel will explore the life and times of Russell Maroon Shoatz, and the campaign to free him. Russell Maroon Shoatz is a former Black Panther who has been held in solitary confinement for over 20 years. But he is not only a symbol of human rights violations, cruel and unusual punishment, and the struggle against solitary confinement, but also a revolutionary intellectual. His recently published book, "Maroon the Implacable" (published by PM Press and Ecosocialist Horizons) explores themes from the history of maroon communities in the Americas, to feminism, ecosocialism and food security. The book has been described by Chuck D as "a high document of true freedom for the masses." An international campaign to free Maroon has made considerable progress in recent years and continues to build in momentum, nationally and internationally. This panel is at the intersections of human rights, mass incarceration, the black liberation movement, feminism, climate change and environment and movement building.

Quincy Saul    

Theresa Shoatz
Kanya D'Almeida  
Dan Kovalik
Vagabond Beaumont
Bret Grote     


Session 6
12:00pm - 1:50pm
Room: W522

Pop Media as AgitProp: The Power of Cartoons

Cartooning is a highly effective tool for conveying complex ideas in a widely disseminated format. Avant-garde leftist cartoonists like Peter Kuper ("World War 3 Illustrated"), Ted Rall ("Search and Destroy"), and Stephanie McMillan ("Minimum Security"), utilize the cartoon form to spread propaganda designed to shift the discussion, helping the struggle to save the Earth from ecocidal capitalism. If words won't be enough to save what's left of the environment---try cartoons.

Stephanie McMillan   

Ted Rall
Peter Kuper


Session 6
12:00pm - 1:50pm
Room: E302

Resisting Racism and Militarism in 21 Century America: A Dialogue on the new book "We Have Not Been Moved"

Contributors and commentators shall kick off a lively discussion of the recently-released PM Press/War Resisters League book on the links between these pillars of U.S. empire.

Matt Meyer 

David McReynolds 
Ellen Barfield   
Bob Brown    
Tarin Gonzalez         


Session 6
12:00pm - 1:50pm

Socialist-Feminist Strategy for the 21st Century

Panel Discussion

Leo Panitch  

Joan Sangster 
Nancy Holmstrom 
Rebecca Schein 
Maria Poblet          


Session 7
3:00pm - 4:50pm
Room: E307

The Crisis of Capitalism: Five Years Later

The financial crisis of 2008 seemed to mark an inflection point for capitalist accumulation. How does the post-2008 period compare to that of pre-2008? Is global capitalism still in crisis? How does or did this crisis compare to past crises of capital, and how has or will global capitalism recover, if at all? How will this all depend on ongoing struggles of resistance, reform, and revolution?

Ben Campbell

Leo Panitch
Doug Henwood
Radhika Desai 


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